Hey! We Got a Live One Here!
So a little while back I finished reading Neil Gaiman's The Graveyard Book, over 300 pages of prose with chapter-break illustrations from Dave McKean. It was released last year by HarperCollins in the US.
The high-concept pitch for the novel would probably be: "What if Harry Potter were raised by ghosts in an English graveyard?"
And it would be silly for a number of reasons, the least of which are that Bod, the book's central character, isn't a wizard, and that the book was awarded the 2009 John Newbery Medal for the Most Distinguished Contribution to American Literature for Children, which to some is recommendation enough.
But not everybody knows about the Newbery, awarded by a division of the American Library Association. Nor is everybody familiar with the book's author, Neil Gaiman, despite his being a celebrated writer of both adult and children's fiction in prose and comics — including the landmark Sandman for DC, which spurred the rise of its entire Vertigo imprint, and the novellas from which the recent films Coraline and Stardust were adapted — themselves award-winning. Nor does everybody realize that much good children's fiction is accessible and enjoyable to adults as well. (Nor does an award mean anything other than that a certain number of people in a given position at a certain time consider something award-worthy, I grant you.)
For those of you who are Gaiman devotees, I offer links to...
• Neil's journal, part of his official website, of which you are probably already aware. I don't check in nearly as often as I'd like, putting it in good company with the blogs and websites of many of my friends and favorite creative persons. He also has a website aimed specifically at young readers, called Mouse Circus.
• A short interview with Gaiman on the in-vogue topic of vampires at the EW website, tying into the cover package of the magazine's latest print issue.
• Flights of fancy [update: bad link] written by Gaiman to accompany the set of Mythical Creatures stamps created by Neil's frequent collaborator McKean and issued in June by the Royal Mail of Great Britain. Dave's own website still hasn't gone live but it looks fantastic, and from it I learn that The Graveyard Book and David Almond's The Savage, which also features McKean's artwork, have both been awarded medals by the Junior Library Guild. I wasn't aware of The Savage, and it sounds fascinating.
Whether the above is just typical tangent-flying on my part or in fact my subconscious mirroring my experience reading The Graveyard Book I don't know. After reading the first chapter, I was intrigued, but the book sat on my night table awhile as I reached for something else instead; sometimes I'm unable to read prose, and specifically prose fiction — which requires a different kind of concentration than nonfiction — and sometimes I'm unable to read anything of substance altogether, but that wasn't the whole issue. I returned to the book for another couple of chapters and again it seemed to be moving forward, rather disjointedly, without really going anywhere.
Only when I got about halfway through did I realize that the seven-chapter novel was really a set of linked stories, and right around that point it also became an engaging page-turner that I finished in one night.
The first chapter introduces us to the boy who will be named Nobody Owens, Bod for short, and tells us how he came to be raised by ghosts in an English graveyard. Subsequent chapters jump ahead in years and find Bod taught certain tricks by his extended family that most living children have no hopes of mastering, while also being schooled in more traditional disciplines by the undead Silas, who resides in the graveyard's abandoned chapel, and the infrequently visiting Miss Lupescu. As Bod grows older, more characters are introduced and recur, and a tapestry is woven that finally begins to make The Graveyard Book more than the sum of its parts.
While his mentor Silas is a crucial figure, it's unsurprising that women become increasingly important to Bod's story, from a live, lively Scottish lass to a young witch buried in unconsecrated ground to a manifestation of Death itself. Like the later Harry Potter novels, this isn't fiction for the younger young readers, as it involves terror and murder, but rare will be the parents reading the book to determine its appropriateness for their children who will come away regretting the experience. Despite earlier chapters' failure to grab me the way I expected, I was quite literally thrilled as the book reached its climax and coda.
Since Harry Potter has again been referenced I should explain why it's particularly odd to invoke him in an imagined pitch for The Graveyard Book.
Foremost perhaps is that children's fiction and fantastic or mythological literature in general have a long tradition of orphaned children either taken from or placed into families with extraordinary, often supernatural, circumstances and abilities. Harry Potter is just a convenient reference point for those who are, at least explicitly, unfamiliar with the monomyth concept as popularized by Joseph Campbell.
More specifically, however, there's the matter of Tim Hunter, a bespectacled, brown-haired British boy with an owl and a destiny who's tutored by powerful magicians. He was created by Neil Gaiman for a DC Comics project called The Books of Magic during Gaiman's tenure on The Sandman; artist John Bolton based the boy's appearance on that of his son. There have been those who've accused Harry Potter of being a deliberate swipe of Tim Hunter and those who've accused Gaiman himself of making such accusations, but Neil has debunked both topics as meritless. Last year he quoted decade-old comments of his on the subject, which lamented chiefly that the topic would likely never die no matter what he said and that the Potter phenomenon meant that Tim Hunter probably couldn't be a bespectacled, brown-haired British boy in any movie adaptation of The Books of Magic, lest audiences think that Hunter was ripping off Potter; this is even more ironic since DC's corporate sibling Warner Bros. Pictures held the movie rights to both characters.
The Graveyard Book will be reissued in paperback this October by HarperCollins, which has also prepared a PDF reading-group guide and produced an unabridged CD of the book as read by Gaiman. In addition to the US hardcover, there exist three editions released in the UK by Bloomsbury Publishing and a signed, limited-edition hardcover from Subterranean Press designed and illustrated by Dave McKean with copious supplementary material. [Update: As you'll see below, P. Craig Russell has also adapted The Graveyard Book into comics form.]
Cover art for The Graveyard Book's main edition from HarperCollins, an interior illustration,
and cover art for the limited edition from Bloomsbury all © 2008 Dave McKean.
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Kindred Posts: A Wing and a Prayer • Bedtimes and Broomsticks
• Ghosts in the Machine • Hounds and Fury • A Curious Case of Bedrooms and Buttons